Community Education Centers, Inc. successes reducing recidivism correlate directly to the assessment component of our reentry treatment model. The purpose of the assessment process is to gather information to determine the resident's current risk factors for public safety concerns and recidivism. The evaluation also gathers data to assess the resident's current treatment needs. While there is a designated assessment department assigned to compile and summarize the resident's data, all staff provide feedback about the resident's behavior in the facility to the assessment department. The reports about the resident's "walk around" behavior from the clinical and operations staff significantly enhances the comprehensiveness of the resident's assessment. Throughout the resident's stay, the staff are continuously evaluating and treating the resident's dynamic needs.
The assessment process is initiated upon admission to the program. Standardized and actuarially based instruments assess all residents in the following domains:
- Substance abuse needs
- Level of recidivism
- Work-related Intelligence Quotient
- Static and dynamic risk factors
- The resident's likelihood of success in a community release program.
The assessment department utilizes a decision-tree approach to select the instrument protocol. All residents are administered a basic battery of instruments to help gauge their current risk factors and risk-relevant needs. Higher risk residents, including those residents with a history of violent offenses or psychiatric illness, are administered additional instruments to gather more information about their current level of risk.
During the biopsychosocial interview, the resident is asked about criminal history, education/employment history, spirituality, substance abuse history, leisure activities, and medical/psychiatric history. A genogram is constructed to assess the resident's family strengths as well as family history of psychiatric problems, substance abuse and criminality. The genogram also provides the resident with a graphic description of the resident's family history and current configuration.
Based upon the review of the standardized assessments, biopsychosocial interview CEC then begins to prepare an individualized reentry action plan, in conjunction with the offender. The reentry plan will identify problems unique to the offender and address those problems within the allotted time frame. Areas of concern may include: the offender's initial community stabilization; vocational, educational, and academic pursuits; leisure time activities; employment; mental health; social conduct; substance abuse; medical concerns; domestic violence; cognitive structure; or discharge plan. Identified problems will be prioritized according to the influence of each problem on criminal behavior and the program's ability to address the issue effectively within the allotted time frame. The objectives and goals set forth in the reentry action plan will determine the length and nature of each offender's participation in the reentry preparation service.